You have gone through the process of buying your first ASIC miner, and after many patient days or weeks, your lucky day has finally come! The miner has arrived in the post. So now that you have the product, you need to set it up. This can be quite a daunting task; especially for your first time. However, we’ve simplified the process as much as possible for you.
If you read our previous article regarding the Antminer S9j you should be aware of what kind of profits to expect when you’re all set up. No matter which miner you have your hands on, the process should be relatively similar, except for some small differences in the interfaces.
So how do we get started with setting up our first ASIC miner?
First thing you are going to want to do is plug in your miner and get it up and running. For this, you should know a little bit about what power you have available in your household and what the output is on your wall sockets. The Bitmain miners can be bought with a power supply to make things easier, just make sure to read the instructions on what outlets they can be plugged into. You might run into some issues with a few select models if you have 110v outlets as opposed to 220v.
Another thing to consider is the miner will need to be connected to the internet. Depending on where your router is, this might be a problem as the average miner is not wireless. They can get quite loud, you would not want to place it in your living room for example. A solution most use is buying a wireless bridge. This allows you to place it anywhere in the household, provided it is still within range of your router.
There will a few slots in the top that are known as PCIe slots. Make sure that each of these PCIe slots are plugged into the power supply.
The next thing you’re going to need to plug in is the PSU connector. This is generally plugged into a motherboard, but as there isn’t one here we will need to connect it some other way. Before you would simply stick a metal pin into the PSU connector to complete the circuit, however, this is dangerous and if done wrong, can damage your equipment.
Nowadays you can plug a simple gadget to the end of it to complete the circuit in a safe manner. Most miners come with one in the box. Attach the gadget to the end of the PSU connector and you’re all set!
If you’ve plugged in all the PCIe connectors to your power supply, connected the PSU connector to your simple little gadget, and connected an ethernet cable from your miner to a router (or wireless bridge), then the last thing to do is to plug in the power supply to a wall socket. Make sure that you have read up on whether your wall socket will support the power required.
Once you have completed these steps, you can safely switch on your miner. You should see some lights flash on the front of your miner and it will go through its start-up process. Please note this can take up to 10 minutes, depending on the model.
Setting up your worker
Now that we have a bitcoin wallet, you need to get a mining pool set up, and configure a worker. It is recommended to use one of the major mining pools, however, you can choose whichever you are comfortable with. For this guide, we’ll be using Slushpool.
Firstly, you need to click on “Sign up here” in the top right corner.
Once you have an account set up you will see a screen with a lot of information. However, for now, the only thing you need to worry about is the “workers” tab and the “settings” tab.
You’ll want to first go into “settings > Bitcoin > Payouts” and enter a payout address.
Once you have set up a payout address, you can head over to the “workers” tab where you will create your first worker. A worker can be considered the mining equipment, as for each miner you have, you would generate a new worker.
On this page you can click on “New Worker”. Here you can type any name you wish. You should keep it simple and name it something that will identify your miner. For example, if you are mining with an Antminer S9, you should choose a name similar to “S9-1”. This would signify your first Antminer S9. If you add more S9 miners later on, you could name the next one “S9-2” and so on.
In the top right corner, you can see what the username would be for this miner. We have of course blurred out our username. Now you can click “create” in the bottom right to save this miner. Please note there is no password needed for a worker, as the only thing a worker can do is make you money. If someone decides to use your worker, the only “damage” they can do is make you money.
Finding the IP to your miner
Now that we have our worker, we have our wallet, and we have our miner. We simply need to connect them up! This is going to be the most complicated step of the process. It does require some networking knowledge as you’ll need to be able to find your miner on the network.
Make sure your miner is powered on and has finished its start-up process(can take up to 10 minutes). Now we need to get the IP of the miner. If you have access to your router admin page, you can see it in the list of connected devices, otherwise you can use a tool like Advanced IP scanner.
You will need to know what IP range your network is using. Most home networks have either 192.168.0.1 or 192.168.1.1 as the default gateway. Advanced IP scanner should automatically choose the correct IP range but if you are unsure what your IP range is, you can simply open up CMD (windows button + R and type “cmd”) and type the command “ipconfig”. This will display a lot of information, one of which shows your default gateway.
If your default gateway shows 192.168.0.1, then you should be scanning 192.168.0.1-254 in advanced IP scanner. If your default gateway shows 192.168.1.1, then you should be scanning 192.168.1.1-254.
When you scan you should see a few options come up. Go down the list and check the name of each entry. You should be looking for one with a name similar to your miner. In the case of the Antminer S9, then name displayed is “AntMinerS9”. Take record of the IP address of your miner.
Connecting your miner to the mining pool
Now that you know the IP to your miner, you can go ahead and open your favourite browser and connect to your miner. Simply type the IP to your miner in the address bar. It should be something similar to 192.168.1.208. When you get there you will see a login page, the default username is “root” and the password is also “root”.
Once logged in you can see the overview page that displays general information. You’ll want to click into the “Miner configuration” tab to set it up to mine to your chosen mining pool.
You’ll see a page that looks similar to the below. Here you’ll see 3 pools to choose from. It’ll first connect to Pool 1, and if it is unable to make the connection then it’ll try to connect to pool 2 and so on. This is great for redundancy purposes so that you face as little downtime as possible.
Since we’re using Slushpool, we will want to find the urls to the Slushpool servers. They can be found at the following link.
Here you’ll see a few servers that you can use, I recommend using the pool closest to you for Pool1, and then 2 other pools that are relatively close to you as backups. For the worker you’re going to fill in the worker username. If your username is testuser and your worker name is S9-1 then you’d fill in “testuser.s9-1” as the worker username. Password, although not being used, cannot be left blank so you can fill it in with anything.
Once this has been done then you can click on the “Miner status” page to see if everything is working correctly. Please note it can take up to 5 minutes for the page to update after applying a new configuration. If everything has been done correctly you should now see your equipment start making you money!
If you have followed each step in this guide to the very end, you should now have a fully functioning miner generating you a passive income. Check it once every now and then to make sure everything is still working perfectly and you’re all set! Now you just have to wait for the payout from your mining pool.